(Act LIX of 1960)  
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (26 December, 1960)


  1. Short title, extent and commencement

a.   This act may be called The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.

b.   It extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

c.     It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different states and for different provisions contained in this act.

  1. Definitions

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:

  1. “animal” means any living creature other than a human being;

  2. “board” means the Animal welfare board established under section 4;

  3.   “captive animal” means any animal (not being a domestic animal) which is in captivity or confinement, whether permanent or temporary, or which is subjected to any appliance to contrivance for the purpose of hindering or preventing its escape from captivity or confinement or which is pinioned or which is or appears to be maimed;

  4.   “domestic animal” means any animal which is tamed or has been or is being sufficiently tamed to serve some purpose for the use of man or which, although it neither nor is being nor is intended to be so tamed, is or has become in fact wholly or partially tamed;

  5.    “Local authority” means a Municipal Committee, District Board or other authority for the time being invested by law with the control and administration of any matters within the specificied local area;

  6.    “owner”, used with reference to an animal, includes not only the owner but also any other person for the time being in possession or custody of the animal, whether with or without the consent of the owner;

  7.     “phooka” or “doom dev” includes any process of introducing air or any substance into the female organ of a milch animal with the object of drawing off from the animal any secretion of milk;

  8. “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act;

  9.     “street” includes any way, road, lane, square, court, alley, passage, or open space, whether a thoroughfare or not, to which the public have access.

  1. Duties of persons having charge of animals

It shall be the duty of every person having the care or charge of any animal to take all reasonable measure to ensure the well being of such animal and prevent the infliction upon such animal of unnecessary pain or suffering.



  1.   Establishment of Animal Welfare Board

  1.      For the promotion of animal welfare generally and for the purpose of protecting animals from being subjected to unnecessary pain or suffering, in particular, there shall be established by the central government, as soon as may be after the commencement of this Act, aboard to be called the Animal Welfare Board.

  2.       The Board shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to he provisions of this act, to acquire, hold and dispose of property and may by its name sue and be sued.

  1. Constitution of Board

The Board shall consist of the following persons, namely;

  1.   the Inspector-General of Forests, Government of India.



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